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Trade Winds Facts & Definitions; Coriolis Effect, Westerlies, Doldrums & Horse Latitudes
Gemini Sailing Tours offer Maui Trade Wind Sunset Sailing tours. With this calm and smooth sailing, guests can witness phenomenal views and other delightful commodities. Unless you are fairly familiar with weather patterns and sailing, you probably are uncertain what trade winds are. We at Gemini Sailing Tours would like to discuss trade winds.
Trade Winds Direction
Easterly winds which blow near the Earth’s equator are consistent weather patterns with the trade winds. With historical mariners being fans of these winds due to the rapid pace it blows ships to the west, the term “trade” in this case refers to a track or path, rather than commerce. Because the seasonal ebbing and flowing of the trades played an essential role in global commerce, the people over time, associating the trades as these winds are sometimes called.
How Do Trade Winds Form?
It is relevant to briefly discuss the general patterns of wind on Earth in order to understand how the trade winds form. The air heats up and rises when it hits the equator where it eventually gets pulled down to the poles, becoming chilled and sinking close the surface of the ocean. From there, the pressure of cooling air from above causes it to be pushed back towards the equator. With the air above moving toward the poles the continuous cycle of air which moves slowly towards the equator near the surface of the Earth is created.
Coriolis Effect, Westerlies, Doldrums & Horse Latitudes Definitions
A phenomenon called the Coriolis Effect deflects the air that meets at the equator, caused by the Earth’s rotation. Winds are diverted West with the deflection, where a steady flow of wind is created and termed “easterly” as the names are appropriately named from the direction they originated as opposed to the direction the wind is headed.
Trade winds were of great interest to mariners for a few reasons; one of which is due to the winds ability used to speed sailing to the west. These winds also exhibited two other interesting patterns including the doldrums and the horse latitudes. There are periods of minimal wind which can cause ships to become stranded in the horse latitudes above and below the equator. Known to meteorologists as the Intertropical Convergence Zone, the doldrums are located at the equator, where there nearly no winds at all. Finding the trade winds and sticking with them was extremely important to historical mariners because of the doldrums or the horse latitudes where ships can be stranded for long periods of time, eventually consuming all the supplies. Since merchant ships of today no longer rely on wind power, the trade winds are no longer of critical importance. However, as a sort of oceanic fast lane to cut down on travel times across the Pacific and Atlantic, sailors often continue to utilize trade winds.
Sailing Tours & Charters in Honolua Bay, Lahaina, Ka’anapali Beach, Turtle Town in Olowalu, Molokai, Lanai, & West Maui, Hawaii
Trade winds are extremely useful to Gemini Sailing Tours as well as for our guests can enjoy the beauty of the ocean at sunset when paradise is a beauty to behold. The next time you visit Maui, be sure to book a Maui Trade Wind Sunset Sailing Tour with Gemini Sailing Tours.